1. Learner incorporated, contributing

Community organization incorporates children in the range of ongoing endeavors of their families and communities. Children are treated as regular participants in the community, with expectations and opportunities to contribute according to their interests and skills, like everyone else.

Featured Publications
(Click on reference for abstract and author information)

Alcalá, L., Rogoff, B., Mejía-Arauz. R., & Coppens, A.D., & Roberts, A. D. (2014). Children’s initiative in contributions to family work in Indigenous-heritage and Cosmopolitan communities in México [Iniciativa en las contribuciones al trabajo del hogar de niños en comunidades de herencia Indígena y cosmopolita en México]. Human Development, 57(2-3), 96-115.





Corona,Y. (2001). La transmisión y reinterpretación de la leyenda y el ritual del Tepozteco en niños de Tepoztlán, Morelos [The transmission and reinterpretation of the legend and ritual of the Tepozteco by children of Tepoztlán, Morelos]. ANUARIO 2000 • UAM-X. 55-70.

Gaskins, S. (2000). Children’s daily activities in a Mayan village: A culturally grounded description [Las actividades diarias de niños en un pueblo Maya]. Cross-Cultural Research, 34, 375-389.